- MRI is the best imaging test for MS. Using a contrast dye allows the MRI to detect active and inactive lesions throughout the brain and spinal cord.
- Evoked potentials require stimulation of nerve pathways to analyze electrical activity in the brain. The three types of evoked potentials doctors use to help diagnose MS are visual, brainstem, and sensory.
- A spinal tap, or lumbar puncture, can help your doctor find abnormalities in your spinal fluid. It can help rule out infectious diseases.
- Doctors use blood tests to eliminate other conditions with similar symptoms.
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Monday, December 11, 2017
A new T2 lesion in a patient with the clinically isolated syndrome does not necessarily imply a conversion to multiple sclerosis.
A diet rich in vegetables, fruits and whole grains may decrease symptoms and lessen disease progression in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), a study suggests.
“People with MS often ask if there is anything they can do to delay or avoid disability, and many people want to know if their diet can play a role, but there have been few studies investigating this,” Kathryn C. Fitzgerald, the study’s lead author and a researcher at Baltimore’s Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, said in a press release.
Tuesday, December 5, 2017
December 5, 2017
Multiple sclerosis (MS) incidence estimates for Puerto Rico (PR) were higher than other countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) but consistent with MS increases in other world regions, a recent study found. This study examined trends of MS incidence over 4 years and to provide age- and gender-standardized incidence rate estimates for a Caribbean island. Data from the PR MS Foundation’s registry was used to identify all newly diagnosed MS cases between 2013 and 2016. MS patients were aged ≥18 years and met the 2010 revised McDonald criteria. Researchers found:
A total of 583 new MS cases were diagnosed in PR from 2013 to 2016.
The age- and gender-standardized MS incidence rate for PR increased from 6.1/100,000 in 2013 to 6.7/100,000 in 2016.
The annual age-standardized MS incidence rates for females rose from 8.4/100,000 in 2013 to 9.8/100,000 in 2016 and were higher than males, which remained around 3.7/100,000.
Chinea A, Ríos-Bedoya CF, Vicente I, et al. Increasing incidence and prevalence of multiple sclerosis in Puerto Rico (2013–2016). Neuroepidemiology. 2017;49:106-112. doi:10.1159/000484090.
December 5, 2017
Cognitive dual-task cost is significantly associated with worse performance of everyday technology, according to a study that examined and compared dual-task performance in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) (n=19) and healthy controls (HC) (n=19). The study utilized mathematical problem-solving questions that included an everyday competence component while performing an upper extremity fine motor task. Participants were presented with 2 testing conditions—solving mathematical everyday problems or placing bolts into divots (single-task condition) vs solving problems while putting bolts into divots (dual-task condition). Participants were also required to perform a test of everyday internet competence. Researchers found:
As expected, dual-task performance was significantly worse than either of the single-task tasks (ie, number of bolts into divots or correct answers, and time to answer the questions).
Cognitive, but not motor, dual-task cost was associated with worse performance in activities of everyday internet task.
Goverover Y, Sandroff BM, DeLuca J. Dual-task of fine motor skill and problem-solving in individuals with multiple sclerosis: A pilot study. [Published online ahead of print November 3, 2017]. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2017.10.012.
With cooler weather approaching, it helps to know how changing temperatures can affect your RMS symptoms.
Check out our Lift MS® blog for our latest edition of Tips and Tricks to help get through the cold winter months.