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Friday, December 16, 2011

Signs of Multiple Sclerosis Relapse and what happens



What Happens During a Relapse?

When you experience a multiple sclerosis relapse (also known as an exacerbation or flare-up), it's because new damage in your brain or spinal cord disrupts nerve signals. That's why you might notice new symptoms or the return of old symptoms. A true relapse lasts more than 24 hours and happens at least 30 days after any previous relapses. Relapses vary in length, severity, and symptoms. Over time, your symptoms should improve. Many people recover from their relapses without treatment.

WATCH a slide show to learn more of Relapse and Symptoms.
Information provided by WebMD



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Thursday, December 15, 2011

Blacks With MS Have More Severe Symptoms, Decline Faster Than Whites, New Study Shows


This article was first mentioned in 2010 but i wanted people to see this again.


ScienceDaily (Feb. 5, 2010) — Fewer African Americans than Caucasians develop multiple sclerosis (MS), statistics show, but their disease progresses more rapidly, and they don't respond as well to therapies, a new study by neurology researchers at the University at Buffalo has found.


Magnetic resonance images (MRI) of a cohort of 567 consecutive MS patients showed that blacks with MS had more damage to brain tissue and had less normal white and grey matter compared to whites with the disease.

Results of the study appear in the Feb. 16 issue of the journalNeurology.

Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, MD, UB associate professor of neurology in the UB School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, is first author on the study. Weinstock-Guttman directs the Baird Multiple Sclerosis Center in Kaleida Health's Buffalo General Hospital.

"Black patients showed more brain tissue damage and accumulated brain lesions faster than whites, along with rapid clinical deterioration," confirms Weinstock-Guttman. "The results provide further support that black patients experience a more severe disease, calling for individualized therapeutic interventions for this group of MS patients."

"White matter" refers to the parts of the brain that contain nerve fibers sheathed in a white fatty insulating protein called myelin. The white matter is responsible for communication between the various grey matter regions, where nerve cells are concentrated and where cognitive processing occurs.

"Initially, multiple sclerosis was considered primary a white-matter disease," says Weinstock-Guttman, "but today we know that the gray matter may be more affected than white matter."

In general, black MS patients tend to have more severe and more frequent attacks, followed by an incomplete recovery even after the first episode. Studies on signs and symptoms of MS among populations have shown that blacks experience gait problems sooner after their diagnosis, show faster cognitive decline than whites with MS, and become dependent on a wheelchair sooner, she notes.
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Dr. Terry Wahls, claims her diet has cured her MS - Minding Your Mitochondria - an MS Patient's Story


Information provided by Laurie Ryan


LEARN ABOUT YOUR Mitochondria


Dr. Terry Wahls learned how to properly fuel her body. Using the lessons she learned at the subcellular level, she used diet to cure her MS and get out of her wheelchair.


SEE her VIDEO STORY by clicking here:  
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KLjgBLwH3Wc&feature=youtube_gdata_player


Share with others and leave your comments to this story by clicking on the link found below




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Novartis drug Gilenya® showed positive clinical outcomes for relapsing-remitting MS



December 15, 2011
Novartis International AG / Novartis drug Gilenya® showed positive clinical outcomes for relapsing-remitting MS patients in third large Phase III clinical trial . Processed and transmitted by Thomson Reuters ONE. The issuer is solely responsible for the content of this announcement.
  • * Once-daily oral MS medicine showed a 48% relative reduction in annualized relapse rate, meeting primary endpoint in Phase III placebo-controlled study
  • * Significant reduction in brain volume loss demonstrated, reinforcing strong efficacy benefit in key secondary endpoint
  • * Safety and tolerability were broadly consistent with previous clinical trials
 
Basel, December 15, 2011 - Novartis announced today new data from the Phase III 2309 study showing patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) treated with Gilenya® (fingolimod) had a statistically significant 48% reduction in annualized relapse rates (ARR) at 24 months compared to placebo. Study 2309 is the third Phase III clinical trial to demonstrate a significant reduction of relapse rates with Gilenya treatment in patients with RRMS. The two previous Gilenya studies involved a two-year, placebo-controlled trial and a one-year, head-to-head trial against interferon-beta-1a (IM) in which the once-daily oral medicine showed a 54% and a 52% relative reduction in ARR, respectively[1],[2].
A reduction of brain volume loss, a pre-defined key secondary endpoint for study 2309, also achieved statistical significance for Gilenya-treated patients compared to placebo. Brain volume loss is valued as a predictor of long-term disability[3] and study 2309 is the third Phase III clinical trial where Gilenya demonstrated high efficacy in this MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) measure compared to control.
"Study 2309 confirms the efficacy of Gilenya across several key measures, including reductions in annualized relapse rate and reductions in brain volume loss," said David Epstein, Head of the Pharmaceuticals Division at Novartis Pharma AG. "With more than 20,000 patient years of fingolimod exposure to date, Gilenya continues to demonstrate its value to patients and the MS community. We are looking forward to presenting the full data to the clinical community at a scientific congress next year."



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Wednesday, December 14, 2011

The Neurological Aspect of Bladder Dysfunction Associated with Multiple Sclerosis


Bladder dysfunction is a common problem for patients with multiple sclerosis. The severity of symptoms often correlate with the degree of spinal cord involvement and, hence, the patient's general level of disability. The emphasis of management is now mainly medical and is increasingly offered by nonurologists. Treatments can be highly effective, relieving patients of what are otherwise very troublesome symptoms that would compound their neurological disability. This article gives an overview of the neural control of the bladder, followed by an explanation of the pathophysiology of detrusor overactivity secondary to neurological disease. A review of methods available for treating bladder dysfunction in multiple sclerosis then follows. The treatment options for this disorder are largely medical and include established first-line measures such as anticholinergics, clean intermittent self-catheterization and the use of desmopressin, as well as potential second-line agents, such as cannabinoids, intravesical vanilloids and intradetrusor botulinum neurotoxin type A. The diminishing role of surgical intervention is also discussed.



INTRODUCTION

The estimated prevalence of urogenital symptoms in multiple sclerosis (MS) has varied, depending on the populations studied. Estimates of between 52% and 97% have been cited,1 but, since these problems result mainly from spinal cord involvement,2, 3 figures that show an occurrence similar to that of lower limb dysfunction (75%)4 or to the MRI estimate of incidence of spinal cord lesions (74%)5 seem more realistic. There is a clear gender difference in the prevalence of MS, with females being more commonly affected than males, on average by a ratio of 2:1.6 The nature of micturition complaints and lower urinary tract symptoms also differ between sexes. Obstruction complaints, such as hesitation, interrupted or weak urine flow and incomplete emptying, are found more frequently in men, whereas incontinence complaints (involuntary loss of urine) are more frequent in women. Irritative complaints of urgency, frequency, nocturia and pain are found equally between sexes.7Urogenital symptoms in patients with MS are therefore common, and are clearly recognized to have significant adverse effects on the quality of life of this group of patients.8, 9Fortunately, this is an area where therapeutic intervention can be highly effective, as will be described in this review.
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NEUROLOGICAL CONTROL OF THE BLADDER

Functional brain imaging studies are adding to our understanding of the contribution of higher centers and signal processing involved in bladder control, so that voiding can be achieved in a socially appropriate time and place. Such studies have shown that a complex of brain networks is involved in the two processes of bladder storage10, 11 and voiding,12,13 but that the final result of these processes is either activation or inhibition of the pontine micturition center (PMC). Direct pathways from the PMC project to the sacral segments of the spinal cord (S2–S4) (Figure 1), and determine parasympathetic outflow to the detrusor and reciprocal activity of the motor neurons innervating the striated urethral sphincter.14
Figure 1 Illustration of the pathways involved in micturition.
Figure 1 : Illustration of the pathways involved in micturition. Unfortunately we are unable to provide accessible alternative text for this. If you require assistance to access this image, or to obtain a text description, please contact npg@nature.com
PAG, periaqueductal gray; PMC, pontine micturition center.
Full figure and legend (67K)Figures & Tables indexDownload PowerPoint slide (280K)





CONTINUE READING 



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Developing a Wellness Program for People with Multiple Sclerosis



Because multiple sclerosis (MS) is a multidimensional chronic disease, effective management of the illness requires a multidimensional approach. We describe a wellness program that was designed to facilitate positive health choices throughout the course of MS and present initial data analyses. We hypothesized that over the course of the program, participants would demonstrate improvement in the domains assessed. The wellness program included educational sessions in physical, mental, social, intellectual, and spiritual domains specifically targeting improved self-efficacy, physical functioning, coping skills, symptom management, and nutrition. 


Continue

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