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Friday, May 9, 2014
New TYSABRI® Analysis at AAN Annual Meeting Shows Improved Walking Speed in Significant Number of MS Patients
New TYSABRI® Analysis at AAN Annual Meeting
Improved Walking Speed in Significant Number
of MS Patients
Biogen Idec (BIIB) today announced that a post hoc analysis of data from the AFFIRM study shows TYSABRI® (natalizumab) significantly increased the proportion of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients with confirmed improvement in walking speed (CIWS) relative to placebo at two years. Additional data from observational registry studies show that switching to TYSABRI after experiencing a multiple sclerosis (MS) relapse while taking interferon beta (IFNβ) or glatiramer acetate (GA) reduced the risk of future relapses and treatment discontinuation. These data were presented at the 66th American Academy of Neurology (AAN) annual meeting in Philadelphia, Pa. (April 26-May 3, 2014).
“We know that MS has a significant impact on ambulation – a key concern for many people living with this disease – which is why we analyzed data from AFFIRM to evaluate the potential impact of TYSABRI on walking speed,” said Alfred Sandrock, M.D., Ph.D., group senior vice president and chief medical officer at Biogen Idec. “TYSABRI was associated with a 20 percent increase in walking speed, a clinically relevant improvement, in a significantly greater number of patients compared to placebo.”
Walking Speed Impacted with TYSABRI
AFFIRM was a two-year, randomized, multi-center, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of 942 patients with RRMS that evaluated the effect of TYSABRI on the progression of physical disability and the rate of clinical relapses. A post-hoc analysis of AFFIRM assessed the impact of TYSABRI on the proportion of patients with CIWS compared to placebo. CIWS was defined as ≥20 percent increase in walking speed from baseline in the timed 25-foot walk (T25FW) confirmed 12 weeks later.
Results show that, over the course of two years, CIWS was significantly associated with improvement in patient-reported physical functioning. Treatment with TYSABRI increased the proportion of patients with CIWS at year two by 79 percent compared to placebo (TYSABRI, 12.3%; placebo 6.9%; p=0.0133). These effects were more significant and occurred earlier in patients with more advanced disability – with CIWS being increased by as much as five-fold compared to placebo at one year.
While many MS clinical trials measure disability progression, which includes a measure of ambulation by the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), these data from AFFIRM suggest that CIWS may be a more sensitive endpoint in capturing improved ambulation in RRMS patients.
These data were presented in a platform presentation on Tuesday, April 29 at 2:15 p.m. ET:
Natalizumab Treatment Improves Walking Speed in MS Patients: A Post Hoc Analysis of AFFIRM (S4.006)
Efficacy Effect Observed With Switch to TYSABRI
Two additional studies used propensity-matched registry data to evaluate the effects of transitioning to TYSABRI after an on-treatment relapse while taking INFβ or GA, compared to remaining on, or switching between, INFβ and GA. Results show that switching to TYSABRI decreased the risk of future relapses, disability progression and treatment discontinuation for MS patients.
Because there are no randomized clinical trials comparing treatment options for patients with ongoing disease activity, comparisons of propensity-matched data from large observational cohorts are useful to estimate the relative risks associated with treatment decisions in a clinical setting. In these studies, researchers matched patients across three large observational clinical trials: TYSABRI Observational Program (TOP), an ongoing observational, open-label, 10-year prospective study of relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients; MSBase, an ongoing, longitudinal database open to all practicing neurologists worldwide; and MSCOMET, a longitudinal MSBase registry substudy assessing the efficacy of IFNβ and GA in 1,000 patients in 14 countries.
In the first study, researchers matched 759 MS patients who participated in the MSCOMET study to the same number of patients in the TOP. They assessed time to first relapse, treatment discontinuation and disability progression over one year in those who relapsed on IFNβ or GA in the 12 months prior to study entry and either transitioned to TYSABRI or stayed on their original first-line therapy. Data show that switching to TYSABRI versus remaining on IFNβ or GA after an on-treatment relapse decreased the risk of relapse by 57 percent and reduced the risk of treatment discontinuation by 52 percent. Researchers also analyzed a smaller subset of patients (n=227 patient pairs) to assess disability progression. They found the incidence of three-month confirmed disability progression was lower in patients who transitioned to TYSABRI than in those who persisted on IFNβ or GA; however, this difference was not statistically significant, likely due to the small sample size and small number of observed progression events.
In the second study,CLICK HEREto continue with this read
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