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Wednesday, June 7, 2017

Top 50 Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

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Here are 50 of the most common MS symptoms:
Sensory problems
  • Abnormal sensations (dysesthesias)
  • Numbness, tingling, burning, or tightness
  • Pins and needles
  • Severe itchiness (pruritus)
  • Hypersensitivity to touch
  • Pain - acute or chronic, mild to severe
  • Loss of proprioception (sense of body position in space)
  • Inability to detect vibrations
  • Impaired sense of taste or smell
  • Trigeminal neuralgia - stabbing pain in the face
  • L’Hermitte’s sign - electrical shock-like sensation running down the spine and into the limbs when you bend your neck forward or backward
  • The MS hug
Motor problems
  • Loss of strength or muscle weakness
  • Loss of muscle tone (hypotonicity) or increased muscle tone (hypertonicity)
  • Spasticity - continuously contracted muscles and/or muscle spasms
  • Myoclonus - sudden involuntary muscle contractions
  • Tremor
  • Foot drop
  • Problems walking, impaired gait, or mobility problems
  • Paralysis
  • Loss of balance
  • Loss of coordination (ataxia)
Cerebellar ataxia can cause:
  • Gait ataxia - uncoordinated walking
  • Nystagmus - jittery eye movements
  • Intention tremor - shaking when attempting fine motor movements
  • Hypotonia - inability to maintain a steady posture
  • Dysdiadochokinesia - inability to maintain a steady rhythm
  • Dysmetria - reduced control of range of movement resulting in over- or under-shooting limb movements
  • Dysarthria - changes in speech production, including slurring, unclear articulation of words, and difficulty controlling loudness
  • Dysphonia - changes in voice quality, including hoarseness, breathiness, nasal tone, and poor control of pitch
  • Dysphagia - difficulty swallowing
Vestibular ataxia can cause:
  • Loss of balance
  • Vertigo - dizziness, nausea and vomiting
  • Nystagmus - jittery eye movements
Sensory ataxia results in:
  • Loss of body position sense (proprioception)
  • Inability to detect vibrations
  • Romberg’s sign
Vision problems
  • Optic neuritis - loss of vision, eye pain, diminished color vision
  • Diplopia - double vision
  • Blurred vision
  • Flashes of light in peripheral vision
Hearing problems
  • Hearing loss
  • Tinnitus - ringing in the ears
  • Hyperacusis - abnormal sensitivity or intolerance to everyday sound levels or noise
Cognitive changes
  • Short and long-term memory problems
  • Attention difficulties
  • Slower speech or information processing speed
  • Problems with abstract conceptualization
  • Difficulty finding the right words
  • Confusion or sensory overload
Emotional changes
Bladder, bowel, or sexual problems
  • Urinary incontinence, hesitancy, urgency, frequency, retention, or leakage
  • Constipation, diarrhea or bowel incontinence
  • Impotence, reduced libido, or inability to achieve orgasm
  • Reduced genital sensation or vaginal dryness
Sleep disorders
  • Insomnia
  • Narcolepsy
  • Restless leg syndrome (RLS) or nocturnal movements
  • Sleep disordered breathing
Other symptoms
information written and provided by Lisa Emrich

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