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Wednesday, June 7, 2017

Torso-Weighting Improved Balance, Reduced Falls

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Int J MS Care; ePub 2017 May 22; Horn, et al
June 6, 2017

During a single testing session, torso-weighting produced significant improvements in postural stability and fall reduction during the Sensory Organization Test (SOT) for multiple sclerosis (MS), but no change in healthy controls (HC), a recent study found. As part of a more extensive single-session clinical study, 60 people with MS and 10 bin-matched HCs completed the SOT with no weights (NW), and again while weighted (WT), using the Balance-Based Torso-Weighting assessment method. SOT composite scores, equilibrium scores, and number of falls occurring across the 6 SOT conditions were compared between and within groups. Researchers found:

A statistically significant increase in composite score of 9.14 points NW to WT occurred in MS but not HC groups.

Equilibrium scores were significantly higher with WT in MS but not HC.
Falls during the SOT were reduced by 35% with WT in the MS group compared to NW, with the greatest number of falls occurring in SOT conditions 5 and 6.

Horn KK, Allen DD, Gibson-Horn C, Widener GL. Torso-weighting produces improved standing balance and reduced falls during the Sensory Organization Test in people with multiple sclerosis. [Published online ahead of print May 22, 2017]. Int J MS Care. doi:10.7224/1537-2073.2015-090.

Source: Neurology Reviews

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