Please visit our MS learning channel on Youtube, which provides hundreds of topics from our education programs, that were video-recorded and archived here: www.youtube.com/msviewsandnews -- Be empowered with MS news by registering with us: www.register.msviewsandnews.org

joomla ecommerce template -- Scroll left side of this blog for needed resources. Also, use our 'search by topic' tool, to find specific information.

Disclaimer: 'MS Views and News' DOES NOT endorse any products or services found on this blog. It is up to you to seek advice from your healthcare provider. The intent of this blog is to provide information on various medical conditions, medications, treatments, and procedures for your personal knowledge and to keep you informed of current health-related issues. It is not intended to be complete or exhaustive, nor is it a substitute for the advice of your physician. Should you or your family members have any specific medical problem, seek medical care promptly.

============================================================

Monday, June 12, 2017

Understanding the brain in MS: Introducing brain atrophy


                                                                  
  
Click here to receive MS news via e-mail



Let’s talk brain matters

When we talk about MS, we often talk about things like lesions and relapses, but you might have also heard about something called brain atrophy. Brain atrophy is being talked about more and more these days, especially by some MS experts, so what exactly is it? And why are we talking about it?
To answer these questions we need to take a few steps back. MS is a neurological disease that causes damage to the cells in the brain and spinal cord (the central nervous system). So let’s take a really quick look at how the central nervous system (CNS) works, some of the things it does and what leads to the symptoms of MS.

Meet the central nervous system

The CNS is the body’s main control centre. Even when you’re chilling out watching TV, your CNS controls your breathing, your temperature and the muscles helping you stay upright. It makes sense of the moving images you’re seeing, the sounds you’re hearing and all while forming new memories too. Pretty exhausting when you think about it, right?
The cells in the CNS making all of this possible are called neurons (sometimes called nerve cells). They form connections and networks along which messages can travel. Neurons are strange looking cells made up of a cell body and a long fibre called an axon, which carries messages. The axon is coated in the fatty substance called myelin that protects the axon and helps signals to travel efficiently.


So what happens in MS?


The cause of MS is still unknown but we do know that the immune system is involved. Our immune system is vital for our survival, protecting us from harmful things. But in MS, the immune system mistakenly sees myelin as a foreign material, and attacks it.


When myelin is damaged, the signals can’t travel as fast. And once the myelin around the nerve is completely destroyed, the signal may become blocked altogether, resulting in a broken connection.

What about brain atrophy?

Brain atrophy is something that happens to absolutely everyone, not just if you have MS. In fact, it’s a normal part of ageing. Our brains keep growing until we are in our very late teens and then very slowly start to shrink. This process can also be called brain volume loss, or brain shrinkage. But the damage caused by MS can make this happen a little bit faster.
Continue reading by clicking here

MS Views and News is MAKING an IMPACT on those affected by Multiple Sclerosis
MS Views and News provides beneficial information for those affected by Multiple Sclerosis.  


No comments: