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Thursday, November 30, 2017

Therapeutic Benefit of Smoked Cannabis in Randomized Placebo-Controlled Studies

Therapeutic Benefit of Smoked Cannabis in Randomized Placebo-Controlled Studies.

Bowen LL, et al. Pharmacotherapy. 2017.

Abstract

The medicinal use of marijuana has been legalized in 28 states, with a wide range of specificity for approved medical conditions. Even with the emergence of non-combustion-based delivery systems, in 2014, 90% of marijuana users used smoked marijuana. The purpose of this review is to summarize the data available on use of smoked marijuana for medical purposes. A literature search was performed to retrieve randomized controlled trials exploring the efficacy of smoked cannabis for treatment of a medical condition. Studies with the primary endpoint listed as the effect of smoked cannabis on a disease-specific characteristic were included. Open-label studies and studies using other administration methods were excluded. Seven studies met these criteria and were included in this review. Cannabis did not outperform placebo on experimentally evoked pain or times walk test. There is clear evidence that smoked cannabis reduces intraocular pressure, but the effect is too brief (< 4 hours) to be of therapeutic benefit for this chronic disorder. There was also consistent evidence that smoked marijuana, even at lower concentrations of tetrahydrocannabinol, increased total daily calorie intake and number of eating occasions. Neither of the studies with quality of life as secondary outcome measures revealed statistically significantly improved outcomes with cannabis use. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID

 29178487 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source




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