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Friday, June 17, 2011
- Physical therapy may improve your ability to perform daily activities and make you feel better.
- Occupational therapy may help you perform daily activities more easily-especially those involving your hands and arms, such as grooming, dressing, and eating. Assistive devices may be used to help you perform daily tasks.
- Speech therapy may improve your communication skills if MS symptoms are making speaking difficult.
- Cognitive retraining may help improve cognitive impairment caused by MS.
Wednesday, June 15, 2011
What is your opinion?
Adults with a history of chicken pox or shingles infections had a fourfold increased risk for developing multiple sclerosis, researchers said.
In a population-wide epidemiological study conducted in Taiwan, the hazard ratio for MS diagnosis within a year of such infections, relative to those without such a history, was 3.96 (95% CI 2.22 to 7.07), reported Herng-Ching Lin, PhD, of Taipei Medical University.
Moreover, the mean time between the acute infection and MS diagnosis was just 104 days.
"Our findings suggest that the occurrence of MS could be associated with herpes zoster attack," Lin and colleagues wrote online in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.
It's the first large-scale study to support previous suggestions that MS may be triggered or exacerbated by herpes zoster (also known as varicella zoster) virus, the agent responsible for chicken pox and shingles.
The virus infects the central nervous system. Typically, after the initial chicken pox attack, the virus becomes latent in the dorsal root ganglion. Years later, what Lin and colleagues called "immunological derangement" or other triggers can reactivate the virus to cause skin eruptions with severe pain.
Herpes zoster has long been suspected of playing some type of causative role in MS -- for example, demyelination has occasionally been seen in conjunction with severe herpes zoster attacks -- but the rarity of MS in the population has made epidemiological studies difficult.