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Tuesday, December 8, 2015

Multiple sclerosis and the prevalence of sleep disorders, epileptic seizures

Multiple sclerosis and the prevalence of sleep disorders, epileptic seizuresSleep disorders and epileptic seizures are of higher prevalence in those with multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease that affects the nervous system. Multiple studies have shown higher prevalence of other co-morbid disorders in those with multiple sclerosis, including sleep disorders and epileptic seizures.
One study conducted a large scale review of other research in regards to multiple sclerosis, sleep disorders and epileptic seizures. They evaluated 32 studies regarding seizures and 18 studies involving sleep disorders. Prevalence of seizures in multiple sclerosis patients was 2.28 percent and sleep disorders was 1.6 percent for narcolepsy, 14.5 – 57.5 percent for restless leg syndrome, 2.22 – 3.2 percent for REM behavior disorder and 7.14 – 58.1 percent for obstructive sleep apnea.
The review of the literature revealed that there are higher occurrences of sleep disorders and seizures in those with multiple sclerosis. The review acknowledged gaps in the research and identified that other than central-Europe and North America, many regions around the world still do not fully understand multiple sclerosis.

Multiple sclerosis and seizures

Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are at higher risk of experiencing seizures compared to the general public. A seizure is abnormal or excessive electrical activity in the brain, and epilepsy is a term that entails multiple seizures not caused by common factors.

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