Please visit our MS learning channel on YouTube, which provides hundreds of MS related topics from many of our video recorded education programs and archived here: -- Be empowered with MS views and news. Opt-in with us:

~~ Scroll left side of this blog for needed resources. Also, use our 'search by topic' tool, to find specific information.

Disclaimer: 'MS Views and News' DOES NOT endorse any products or services found on this blog. It is up to you to seek advice from your healthcare provider. The intent of this blog is to provide information on various medical conditions, medications, treatments, and procedures for your personal knowledge and to keep you informed of current health-related issues. It is not intended to be complete or exhaustive, nor is it a substitute for the advice of your physician. Should you or your family members have any specific medical problem, seek medical care promptly.


Wednesday, January 6, 2016

Symptom Co-occurrences Associated with Smoking Among Individuals with Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis

Pamela NewlandRN, PhD, CMSRNLouise FlickDrPH, MSN, MPEHong XianPhD;Florian P. ThomasMD, MA, PhD
From the Goldfarb School of Nursing at Barnes Jewish College, St Louis, MO, USA (PN); College for Public Health and Social Justice (LF, HX) and Department of Neurology (FPT), Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, USA; and VISN 15 Regional MS Center of Excellence, St. Louis VA Medical Center, St. Louis, MO, USA (FPT).
Correspondence: Pamela Newland, RN, PhD, CMSRN, Goldfarb School of Nursing at Barnes Jewish College, 4483 Duncan Ave., St Louis, MO 63110; e-mail: .
Background: The impact of tobacco on multiple sclerosis (MS) disease process and symptoms is complex and not clearly understood. Tobacco may be used to self-treat symptoms but also appears to intensify others. Studies to date have not characterized co-occurring symptoms (symptom patterns) and their association with tobacco use.
Methods: This study describes tobacco use among patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) and associated symptoms and symptom co-occurrences. In this cross-sectional study, 101 participants with an average age of 43 years completed a survey adapted from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and the revised MS Related Symptom Scale (R-MS-RS). Data reduction was performed using factor analysis on the 43 items of the R-MS-RS, and linear regression was used to detect association between symptom clusters (factors) and smoking.
Results: Using the factor analysis result, the linear regression analysis found that tobacco use is positively associated with co-occurring symptoms and symptoms of Factor 1: Mental/Emotional (anxiety, loneliness, depression, and difficulty sleeping) and Factor 4: Neuro/Autonomic (urinary).
Conclusions: Smoking is associated with patterns of symptoms. Study of MS and tobacco use over time will allow determination of the temporal pattern of tobacco use and MS symptoms.
Published Online: 2015-12-23

Source Link

MS Views and News 
helps to provide educational information for persons affected by MS
Keep current with Multiple Sclerosis news and information 
by opting-in to our website: click here - thank you

No comments: